So there are lots of biases that you can basically
count on your perceiver being subject to. They’re going to interfere with the way
this person sees you. The first and probably the most common is the confirmation bias.
So confirmation bias is the brain’s tendency to once you start to kind of go get a sense
of what someone is like so you show in an initial interaction you start to feel like
this is a funny person or this is a smart person or this is someone I can trust. And
once you start to have that initial hunch your brain naturally looks for information
that confirms that initial hunch and kind of ignores everything else. Psychologists
also refer to this tendency to really latch on to early information about a person as
the primacy effect. And basically what that means is the information we learn first about
another person disproportionately shapes our understanding of them afterward. And so, you
know, in a way I sometimes feel bad talking about that because I’d love to be the person
that came and said you know how everyone tells you that first impressions are so important.
Don’t worry about it. They’re not that important. If anything what the science shows
is that they’re really more important than you even think they are because that first
impression is those – the initial information that other person gets about you will have
a really major effect on everything else they see. So, for example, if in your initial encounter
with someone you come across as kind of a jerk and you know it. You realize afterwards
that you didn’t come across the way you intended to. And so the next day when you
come in to work let’s say you bring them a cup of coffee and you think well that’ll
be nice, a nice gesture. It’ll show them that I’m not a jerk. What’s actually more
likely to happen is that they’re going to interpret you giving them coffee with the
lens of understanding of how you were a jerk before. So they’ll say oh, can you believe
this jerk who’s trying to manipulate me by he thinks just giving me some coffee is
going to somehow get me on his side, right. So they’ll feel manipulated by the gesture.
They’ll interpret the gesture in a way that’s consistent with what they already think of
you. And that’s really the challenge. Now how do you get past confirmation bias? How
do you get over the primacy effect when let’s say your initial impression you gave someone
wasn’t that good. There are a couple of ways to do it. You can kind of think of them
as the tortoise and the hare ways of getting people to update their impressions. The tortoise
way because it takes a long time is simply overwhelming them with an abundance of really
eye catching information that says I’m not who you think I am, right. So it’s not just
bringing them a cup of coffee the next day. It’s going out of your way to be nice day
after day after day potentially for a couple of months before that person finally realizes
there’s so much evidence that you’re a nice person that they say you know what? What I thought of them originally that’s
not true. They’re actually a really nice person. But it takes a ton of information
to do that and you really have to hang in there for the long haul. The hare method which
is actually not that fast – it’s really more of a faster tortoise method is to find
a way for you to work with that person or have them need you in some way. Because psychologists
call this creating an outcome dependency. What it means is that that person in order
for them to get what they want they have to work with me. And what naturally happens when
you create outcome dependency between people is that they become really interested in being
accurate about that other person, right. Because if I need you to get what I want then I’m
going to have to really pay attention to who you are and be able to predict you. So people
naturally take a second look. They don’t just rely on that initial impression they
had. They take another look at you and they’re more willing to update and revise their impression
of you in order to be really accurate. This is why you find so often people will say oh,
you know, I thought so and so was not that bright but then I worked with him and I found
out that he was really smart. Well yeah, working together creates a real motivation for you
to be accurate about the other person and that really opens up a door for you to make
a good second impression if you’ve made a poor first one.

76 thoughts on “Confirmation Bias: Your Brain is So Judgmental”

  1. It sounds to me like she is self conscious about the fact that she quickly forms judgments about people, and she is trying to alleviate her guilt by saying that everyone behaves this way.

  2. Creating value truly does change ones perception of you.  If you ask a girl to dance or go out on  a date you have to create value why should she say yes?  If a girl would like to be asked to dance or go out on a date she would need to create some sort of value or why should he ask her?

  3. Just stop trying to be liked by everyone. If the person likes you at first keep him or her, if they dislike you just send them to go f**k themselves.

  4. Sounds like being judgmental is an adaptation to prevent people from getting their feelings hurt or form social groups who have the same viewpoints.

  5. I personally think that there's another method: you have to rewire the other person's brain for them to think they're (re)meeting you again (or getting to know a new you). If you were a jerk on the first time, you have to meet them under another context, roles and subjects. This has worked for me really well. It's kinda like the second way that she said, but it's even shorter.

  6. I would be wary of anyone who tried day after day to woo me to believe they were not a jerk especially if once they won me over the wooing stopped. How dishonest and desperate! Why should they care what I think of them! Just be yourself!

  7. I was just thinking about this the other day. I hate when people tell me what they think of someone before I meet them because it is really hard not to let that sway your first impression of them.

  8. I'm sorry, but Halvorson sounds like a sociopath.

    If I made a crappy impression, and I'm cognizant of that, I should directly tell the other person of that. However, if I'm unaware I made such an impression, I have not the wherewithal to make adjustments of any kind.

    All this, "manipulativeness" I'm seeing is making a bad impression on me.

  9. In some instances some people have such a strong NEED to bias, they would use all information and support from other people to confirm said bias, ignoring all other data.  

    Welcome to the world of these people. Constantly soaking their brains in the bliss of self reassurance.

  10. The title cards in the beginning are very distracting. Can't focus on what the speaker is saying with all that giant text popping and flipping on screen.

  11. I always try to swallow my confirmation bias of another person. I know that people are always more complex than what we see at a first impression. I am always open to changing my perspective of a person.

  12. I'm not a psychologist, but I think that mind biases aren't carved into the brain, but rather they appear when a person is exposed to a certain type of environment / culture. I was grown in a very open way, no one forced me to think in a certain way, and now I'm able to go around prejudices easily and to change my opinion if my previous thoughts proved to be wrong. I know that personal experiences cannot be considered scientifically viable, but the fact is that a lot of people grow strongly influenced by culture.

  13. People use their own psychological baggage to feed their confirmation bias, they rarely use objectivity. So her solution of pandering to people is useless as you will be made a slave by others proclivities, also human beings are notorious for being fickle and insatiable. My own solution for combating confirmation bias is mindfulness, it demands you observe without judgement, almost like from a third person perspective. I'm not saying it's perfect but it works.

  14. This way of thinking is far more present in the female brain .Caring about what people think of you socially and changing your ways in order to gain popularity and acceptance .If you can not be yourself in order to get along with someone then you are some what shallow and feeble-minded .

  15. Interesting that the video doesn't mention how to reduce the bias in yourself. If possible please ask this question Big Think.

  16. All you had to say was: "Kiss people's asses long enough and they'll like you." For fuck's sake lady.

    People will ALWAYS judge you no matter how much you apologize or make up for your mistake. Confirmation Bias is a natural part of being Human, get used to it; it's never going to go away no matter how PC the world gets. People will only like you if you're fit and confident. That's the "big life hack"; lose some weight and gain some confidence in yourself. Legit Friendship and Love is very rare and many of us will never find it, that is the reality of it. If you can't handle that fact, get on some medication and find a therapist to reach your goal of having people like you.

    Being a natural born psychopath is a big bonus towards being successful by the way. That's right, have a severe mental illness where you lose your empathy and you'll have a higher chance at being successful. That's the real world kids, have fun~

  17. This process of creating, maintaining and reinforcing beliefs is a much more potent compromiser of truth than what this petty little video talks about, and is something that compromise the truth in many facets of life that are much more serious than someone thinking "you're kind of a jerk". Religion is one that springs to mind. These social constructions literally have the power of influencing how billions of people view reality, as a direct result of early information they have gained in childhood about certain a certain god or god. These very same individuals grow up and for the rest of their lives continue to confirm their existing beliefs about man-made omnipotent creatures and discard or reinterpret disconfirming evidence. This process is what Michael Schermer calls belief-dependent realism and includes, apart from the confirmation bias, biases such as the authority bias (in this context, religious parents, priests, the president, etc.) and the sunk-cost-fallacy (in this context letting go of a religious belief one has invested in means having spent years of investment in something untrue).

    It's quite unsettling just how little rationality and critical thinking we ascribe to the information we receive. Whether it is a glance we receive from a person whom we then deem an arrogant prick, or a fairy tale story about a deity that we go on to believe in. First, we grow our opinions and then, as Nietzsche said, "mental sloth lets these rigidities into conviction", which is as he famously said "more dangerous enemies of truth than lies". The solution isn't for one to become some fake people pleaser, but for the one to achieve a restless lively mind, not to be fanatical about an opinion about another person or an idea and think you have achieved some absolute truth about that someone or something. We should be traitors to our opinions and convictions, and constantly be willing to change them.

  18. Actually, mostly mentally lazy and conceited people suffer from that! Whenever I realize someone does not dig my style if keep away as they show me that I wouldn't even like them as friends anyway.

  19. Isn't that catering to the subconscious tho? If I was a jerk to someone I met for the first time because I spillt coffee all over myself and hit my toe a few times and was thus in a bad mood, wouldn't it be a more sensible approach to openly confront the slighted person, apologize and verbally make clear that you didn't intend to be an idiot? While the methods mentioned here make sense and probably work, isn't it a bit underhanded to 'fool' a person's brain into re-evaluating you without them noticing, rather than using verbal communication to fix the problem faster?

  20. You forgot to describe the biggest issue with confirmation bias. Sales people/liars use it to sell you a lie initially upfront
    The human brain is wired to easily accept a lie

  21. Third and fastest way: "Look person, I am sorry about that other day. I felt that I passed a bad impression on you and I cannot stop thinking about that situation. I really didn't mean to do / say the thing X, I'm just not like that (maybe it was a misinterpreted joke?). I hope you don't create a false impression about me, since it was good to meet you and maybe we can hang around and have a good time. Didn't mean to offend you or push you away. Sorry about the confusion and thanks for listening!"

  22. It's like, if you come off a certain way when a person meets you, there's a good chance you were like that for an indeterminate amount of time before they met you as well. it's not that irrational imo (at least in this social circumstance she's talking about)

  23. I was really hoping she was going to discuss confirmation bias in academia. sigh I guess that was too much to hope for.

  24. Of course you're going to come across as manipulative if you specifically bring someone a cup of coffee in order for them to see you as nice. If you're really nice and they just got their first impression of you on an off-day then they should eventually come around, while if you actively have to work to be nice then you are denying them the image of the 'real' you. This is not to say that you shouldn't try to be nice, but more that you might not be operating in the right space if it takes you that much effort to be nice.

  25. So is it normal to be nervous when meeting new people because they are probably the type of person to judge someone and pigeonhole them really quick, so I overthink everything I do and say and then become stiff and nervous and then they predictably pigeonhole me as a nervous and weird person?

  26. I love how she explained that if you are in a bad mood when you first meet someone, chances are they will immediately pigeonhole you as being a jerk and then if you try and make it up the next day they will probably assume you're trying to manipulate them because you're already labeled a jerk in their eyes ,and if you're acting nice you must be up to something. That really explains a lot that has happened to me and she really helped clarify a lot for me. I would have appreciated it if somewhere through all of my public education and college years I would have come across that bit of human psychology, but of course I didn't.

  27. So psychology has taken everything thats comon sensical and give it a smart-sounding name to claim ownership so that whoever came up that term will appear on wikipedia for something so obvious. Stupid people go learn psychology, they never questiom everything in class. Psychology a scam!

  28. This is why, my friend, in order to move forward and evolve into an honest, fully informed and open-minded society, we collectively need to constantly set a rational falsifying criteria to negate our first impression aka prejudice to counter our confirmation bias

  29. how can psychologists be unbiased while they are being taught how to think with a fixed mindset, and glamouring/ claiming that they are the ones who can think critically, while science/engineering students were taught how to analyse and think about how they think, and they just simply say science is biased without even investigating, just as they are just looking through the glass and just say that table was made of wood, whereas scientists/engineers would actually go and investigate which material it met or which material was it made from.

  30. It couldn't be an artifact of conformation bias
    A product of groupthink,
    A mass delusion,
    An emperor's new clothes-style fear of exclusion

  31. I'm glad that I've learned about confirmation bias and have moved beyond this trivial way of thinking…unlike those good for nothing, lutefisk loving Norwegians.

  32. We talk about C.B. as a huge negative. But aren't there good, peer reviewed theories which suggest that C.B. might've been one of the reasons we progressed from starving apes, to tool using hominid communities?
    I'm repeating half remembered bits and pieces here (please be patient), but maybe decisiveness, progress, even imaginative, forward thinking (the interposition between stimuli and response) required us to be somewhat wilfully ignorant at various junctures.
    Now of course, it's more complex. But it's interesting that various aspects of our behaviour, which we now see as complete no-no's, were perhaps once the fuel which propelled us from a meaningless mammal. Unless you're a fundamentalist Christian…. in which case God did it all. About 6,000 years ago or something.

  33. bias save time … decision taking is hectic work when it come to day to day basis problem… so it can be helpful for those who don't want to juggle 2 mch

  34. Want an easier way to avoid confirmation biases? Don't judge people based on their looks. This is something from the bible! Pretty hard to do but it can be done.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *